Across the country this weekend, Cinco de Mayo will be celebrated with festivals, music, Mexican food and plenty of bar specials.
But, south of the border, the holiday merits little more than a parade in the city of Puebla, east of Mexico City. There, in 1862, outgunned Mexican troops defeated an invading French army.
Lesley Tellez writes about Mexican food and culture for The Mija Chronicles online. She says that when she moved from Southern California to Mexico City, she looked forward to Cinco de Mayo. But she was the only one looking for a party.
On the origins of the holiday
It does commemorate the battle of Puebla, in which the Mexican troops were victorious over the French troops, and that’s really important — in Puebla. Not really anywhere else outside of Puebla.
Mexico had put a moratorium on paying back their European debts. They basically had no money. The French wanted to get their money from Mexico, so they sent troops and they fought a battle in Puebla versus what was supposed to be a… vastly under-prepared army. But the Mexican troops ended up winning the battle…. and it was great. But they didn’t end up winning the war, overall. They lost. But at a time, it was really a rallying cry for Mexican resistance.
On Cinco de Mayo in America
There’s a couple of different stories. One is that it was homesick Mexicans that were looking for a way to celebrate their heritage. And I’ve also read that it was Mexicans who were living in the U.S. and wanting to identify with Mexico around the time of the [Mexican] Civil War and wanting to support what had happened in Mexico.
On making peace with Cinco de Mayo
I really view it today as a Mexican-American holiday, even though, yeah, you know, it is tied to beer and margaritas a lot of the time. I do think you could use it as a point of reflection about your own identity as a Mexican-American person. Thinking about contributions Mexican-Americans have made to the US, our food, really reveling in what our culture brings to the table in the US. I think it is a great day to do that.
Editor’s Note: This article was first published on NPR’s website. To listen to a dynamic discussion on this topic on podcasts visit: http://www.npr.org/2014/05/02/308624630/cinco-de-mayo-whose-holiday-is-it-anyway