Photo credit: Kendall/Hunt Higher Education
A federal judge on Wednesday put the final nail in the coffin of Arizona’s Republican-backed law banning Mexican-American studies classes in Tucson public schools. Â
The final judgment issued by Senior Judge A. Wallace Tashima after a two-week bench trial
last summer caps a seven-year legal battle over conservative attempts to restrict what books could be used or subjects taught in Tucson’s majority-Latino schools.
Conservative lawmakers led by then-Superintendent of Public Instruction Tom Horne and then-state Sen. John Huppenthal, who later succeeded Horne, derided Tucsonâ€™s Mexican-American studies curriculum as an anti-American politicization of public school classrooms. To shut the classes down, they spearheaded the passage of a state law in 2010 that prohibited classes aimed at students of a specific ethnicity, that fostered racial discord or that encouraged the overthrow of the U.S. government.
In Wednesday’s judgment, however, Tashima wrote that conservative lawmakers passed the ethnic studies restrictions not for a legitimate educational purpose, but for an invidious discriminatory racial purpose and a politically partisan purpose. (The senior judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit was sitting by assignment to hear the case in U.S. District Court.)
No officials may carry out any part of the law, the judgment says. Tashima ruled
in August that the law violates the students’ First Amendment rights by restricting information and the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause by targeting Latinos.